Vaginal cytology is performed on female dogs during their estrus cycle to help determine the optimum time to breed and enhance the success of pregnancy. The types of cells present in the vagina vary depending on the stage of estrus. A swab is taken of the cells lining the vagina and analyzed under a microscope. Usually more than one swab is required to determine the optimum time to breed.
We also advise additional tests be performed on your breeding female prior to her estrus cycle. Blood work including a thyroid analysis will rule out any potential breeding problems that may be addressed prior to the breeding period. We recommend a fecal examination and updating your pet’s vaccinations prior to breeding to ensure the health of their offspring. Please call and set up an appointment with one of our veterinarians to discuss your breeding program in greater detail.